NASA’s Artemis 1 moon mission explained in photos

(Image credit: NASA via

While Artemis 1 will be uncrewed, it plans to carry several mannequin-type devices to test out how the lunar environment will affect humans. 

One example is “Commander Moonikin Campos,” named after Apollo 13 engineer Arturo Campos in a NASA contest. Campos will fly in the commander’s seat and wear an Orion Crew Survival System spacesuit to see how well it works for Artemis astronauts. He also will have radiation sensors and instrumentation to record acceleration and vibration data.

Two simulated female astronauts will take up other Orion seats, courtesy of research from the German space agency (DLR). One of the dummies, Zohar, will sport a radiation-shielding vest called StemRad. The other, Helga, will go without protection.